Tajudin Nur


Contrastive analysis is aimed to identify aspects of the differences or dissimilarities between two or more languages being contrasted. There are two kinds of approach in contrastive analysis, applied contrastive analysis and pure contrastive analysis. Both approaches contrast the first and second language, but different in the objective. Applied contrastive analysis is aimed to solve pedagogical problems, while the pure one is aimed to study language typology. Through contrastive approach there will be characteristic of every language and it is known that cultural diversity (the culture between first and second language) implicates on language forms. There are four steps to get through to contrast the components of the two languages being compared, namely (1) collecting the desired data (2) displaying a comparison in the same units of language through  language transfer, (3) identifying the different elements that exist in the language, and (4) formulating the contrasts in the rule.

DOI: 10.24865/ajas.v1i2.11


contrastive linguistics; applied; pure; description; comparison

Full Text:



Di Pietro, Robert J. 1970. Contrastive Analysis and the Notion of Deep and Surface Structure Grammar. Georgetown University Press.

Ellis, R. 1986. Understanding Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fisiak, Jaced ed. 1985. Contrastive Linguistics and the Language Teacher. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Hamp, E. P. 1968. "What Contrastive Grammar is not If It is" dalam J. Alatis. Washington DC 137-47.

James, Carl. 1986. Contrastive Analysis. London, Singapore: Longman.

Keraf, Gorys. 1990. Linguistik Bandingan Tipologis. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. 1984. Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Lado, Robert. 1957. Linguistics Across Cultures: Applied Linguistics for Language Teachers. An Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Langacker, Ronald. 1968. Foundation of Language. Washington DC: Georgetown University.

Richards, Jack, et al. 1989. Longman Dictionary of Applied Linguistics. London: Longman

Separno. 2002. Dasar-dasar Linguistik Umum. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Arabi : Journal of Arabic Studies

Indexed By:

DOAJ sinta Crossref Google Scholar AcademicKeys Research Bib garuda garuda


Creative Commons License

Copyright CC-BY-SA

counter View My Stats

Arabi : Journal of Arabic Studies, p-ISSN: 2548-6616, e-ISSN: 2548-6624