Children’s Rights and Resistance to Hegemony in the Lebanese Film Capernaum by Nadine Labaki

Reza Sukma Nugraha, Eva Farhah, Arifuddin Arifuddin

Abstract


Nadine Labaki's Capernaum represents the impact of poverty on the fulfillment of children's rights. In this article, the issue of poverty and its social consequences are analyzed through the story of the main character Zain, a street child who struggles with all forms of poverty in Lebanon. Using Gramsci's theory of hegemony, the research reveals how poverty, as a form of economic hegemony, affects children's lives and how they resist these conditions in their capacity as children. The analysis focuses on the representation of poverty and its influence on the fulfillment of children's rights, especially the rights to survival, protection, development, and participation. The research findings show that the film creates awareness of social issues, such as poverty and children's rights, and encourages children as members of society to take concrete actions against the hegemony. It is also a critique of the power that overrides children's rights and considers children as passive objects in society.

Keywords


children; Capernaum; children’s rights; hegemony; resistance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aber, J. L., Bennett, N. G., Conley, D. C., & Li, J. (1997). The Effects of Poverty on Child Health and Development. Annual Review of Public Health, 18(1).

Abu El-Haj, T. R., & Chatila, S. (2023). “Miss, our clothes are clean:” contesting liminality in Lebanese kindergarten classrooms. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 279.

Ansell, N. (2016). ‘Once upon a time …’: Orphanhood, childhood studies and the depoliticisation of childhood poverty in southern Africa. Childhood, 23(2).

Aray, H. (2021). Oscar awards and foreign language film production: evidence for a panel of countries. Journal of Cultural Economics, 45.

Attanasio, O., Meghir, K., & Smith, M. (2018). Poverty, Mental Health and Child Development. https://osf.io/pt9cx/

Bhattacharya, J., Currie, J., & Haider, S. (2004). Poverty, food insecurity, and nutritional outcomes in children and adults. Journal of Health Economics, 23(4).

Butler, J. (2006). Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. Routledge.

Chafel, J. A., & Neitzel, C. (2005). Young children’s ideas about the nature, causes, justification, and alleviation of poverty. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 20(4).

Chaudry, A., & Wimer, C. (2016). Poverty is Not Just an Indicator: The Relationship Between Income, Poverty, and Child Well-Being. Academic Pediatrics, 16(3).

Essler, S., & Paulus, M. (2021). Robin Hood or Matthew? Children’s Reasoning About Redistributive Justice in the Context of Economic Inequalities. Child Development, 92(4).

Evans, G., & Kim, P. (2013). Childhood Poverty, Chronic Stress, Self-Regulation, and Coping. Child Development Perspectives, 7.

Gramsci, A. (1971). Selections from the Prison Notebooks. In Gramsci, Antonio. International Publishers.

Guo, G., & Harris, K. (2000). The mechanisms mediating the effects of poverty on children’s intellectual development. Demography, 37.

Gupta, S., & Gupta, S. (2013). Representation of social issues in cinema with specific reference to Indian cinema: case study of Slumdog Millionaire. The Marketing Review, 13.

Hall, S. (1997). Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices. Sage Publication & Open University.

Işık, M., & Özdemir, E. (2020). Redefining Security in the Middle East: Representation of Security as an Emancipatory Discourse in the Capernaum Film. Connectist: Istanbul University Journal of Communication Sciences, 59.

Jamaluddine, Z., Safadi, G., Irani, A., Salti, N., Chaaban, J., Abdulrahim, S., Thomas, A., & Ghattas, H. (2023). Inequalities in Wellbeing in Lebanese Children and Different Refugee Subpopulations: A Multidimensional Child Deprivation Analysis. Child Indicators Research, 16(5).

James, C., Marin, L., & Kassam, S. (2011). Looking Through the Cinematic Mirror: Film as an Educational Tool. Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies, 33.

Jenkins, R. R., Willis, E., & Allen, S. (2018). Children in Poverty. In J. M. Foy (Ed.), Promoting Mental Health in Children and Adolescents: Primary Care Practice and Advocacy. American Academy of Pediatrics.

Krippendorff, K. (2005). Content Analysis: An Introduction to Its Methodology (2nd ed.). Sage.

Liberzon, I., Ma, S., Okada, G., Ho, S., Swain, J., & Evans, G. (2015). Childhood poverty and recruitment of adult emotion regulatory neurocircuitry.. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 10 (11).

Luby, J., Belden, A., Botteron, K., Marrus, N., Harms, M., Babb, C., Nishino, T., & Barch, D. (2013). The effects of poverty on childhood brain development: the mediating effect of caregiving and stressful life events.. JAMA pediatrics, 167(12).

Metz, C. (1974). Film language: a semiotics of the cinema. University of Chicago Press.

Morris, K., Mason, W., Bywaters, P., Featherstone, B., Daniel, B., Brady, G., Bunting, L., Hooper, J., Mirza, N., Scourfield, J., & Webb, C. (2018). Social work, poverty, and child welfare interventions. Child and Family Social Work, 23(3).

Nelson, M. (2000). Childhood nutrition and poverty. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 59(2).

Plantinga, C. (2009). Moving Viewers: American Film and the Spectator’s Experience. University of California Press.

Simonton, D. K. (2004). Film Awards as Indicators of Cinematic Creativity and Achievement: A Quantitative Comparison of the Oscars and Six Alternatives. Creativity Research Journal, 16(2–3).

Terzi, L., Unterhalter, E., & Suissa, J. (2023). Philosophical Reflections on Child Poverty and Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 42(1).

Thangavelu, A. (2020). Film as a Reflection of Society: Reception of Social Drama in Tamil Cinema. Handbook of Research on Social and Cultural Dynamics in Indian Cinema. IGI Global Publisher

Yoshikawa, H., Aber, J. L., & Beardslee, W. R. (2012). The effects of poverty on the mental, emotional, and behavioral health of children and youth. American Psychologist, 67(4).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24865/ajas.v9i1.704

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed By:

DOAJ sinta Crossref Google Scholar AcademicKeys Research Bib academia.edu garuda garuda

 

Creative Commons License

Copyright CC-BY-SA

web
counter View My Stats

Arabi : Journal of Arabic Studies, p-ISSN: 2548-6616, e-ISSN: 2548-6624